Xylophone Craft · Alphabet Letter
X Theme · Colors
Preschool Lesson Plan Printable Activities
We are going to explore the xylophone!
Skills to discuss during craft activity: Colors, Letter X, Rectangle Shape, Counting, Sizing
The xylophone toy version usually displays many colors that are represented in each rectangular bar.
The craft showcases the colors of the rainbow, each color bar is a rectangle that displays letter X twice. The base in the color version shows a brown wooden texture to reinforce that a traditional xylophone is made of wood and the root of the word "xylon" stands for wood. The mallets will be used to demonstrate letter X again as they laid on top of the xylophone.
1. Option 1: Print color templates and review assembly and learning activities below.
The pieces can be precut or children can help cut some of the pieces. The xylophone base can be cut out optionally. It is easier for young children to glue to the uncut base.
2. Option 2: This option is best for large groups. Use black and white templates or a combination of black and white templates 2 (base) and 3 (mallots) and the template 1 bars with color outline and children can color each section in designated colors.
3. Option 3: (Large groups children under 4) Print black and white bars template on card stock and use the bar templates to trace over construction paper that has been fan folded to obtain the number of pieces needed in each color.
Activity 4: Basic Skills Learning Activities with the Craft
1. Color discussion: Discuss and identify each color bar. Example: Hold a color bar and say: What color is this? Yes, yellow. What other things are yellow. How about the sun or a lemon.
2. Shape - The rectangle. For this activity we can focus on the rectangle shape of each color bar. Discuss that the color panels are rectangles (two long sides and two short sides). Have the children find other things around them that are rectangles - a door, a refrigerator, window, area rug or table.
3. Alphabet Letter X - Each color bar displays two letter X's, discuss and identify the X. Display the Xylophone poster and say that xylophone starts with the letter X. Conduct a separate activity for letter X. During the craft assembly the mallets glued over the assembled xylophone to form an X as illustrated.
4. Counting & Sizing: Have the children count and organize the color bar rectangles in size sequence from shortest to longest. Ask which bar is the shortest? Which is thelongest?
Learning about Primary Colors and Secondary Colors:
Before the assembly, the color panels can be used to make a presentation about primary colors and how these mix to form secondary colors. Print and additional template #1 to make a demonstration and use these materials and presentation for this purpose.
The color panels should be first arranged from top to bottom by placing them in size order aligning the X's to keep centered.
Lego Block Xylophone: Suggest to children to make a xylophone with Lego blocks. and display their creations.
Clay or Play dough Xylophone: Children can use clay or play dough to create xylophone with rectangle cookie cutter or play knifes and roller.
Water and Rainbow Colors Xylophone - Science Activity: An oldie with a twist!
Many of you are probably familiar with the water xylophone in elementary school. This one has one additional element: color mixing
1. You need six to eight glasses or glass jars (I use jam/jelly jars) the same size.
2. Line them up next to each other but not touching. Gradually add water to each jar from a little to the last one close to the rim.
3. Add a bit of tempera paint or food coloring showing children how mixing the primary colors will yield the secondary color - start with red, then mix red and yellow to get orange, the third glass is yellow, and so forth in the same order of the rainbow.
4. To keep the glasses steady make a base with play dough and press the glass on the base.
5. Give children new pencils or regular metal spoons and have them tap the glasses to hear the different sounds that are produced. The glasses with more water will produce a lower pitch sound, and those with less water will produce a higher pitch sound.
*Water Xylophone > Using glasses > add food coloring
*The Five Note Water Xylophone > Older elementary children